Enhancing the photo-response characteristics of graphene/n-Si based Schottky barrier photodiodes by increasing the number of graphene layers
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CitationMehmet Fidan, Özhan Ünverdi, and Cem Çelebi , "Enhancing the photo-response characteristics of graphene/n-Si based Schottky barrier photodiodes by increasing the number of graphene layers", Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A 40, 032203 (2022).
The impact of the number of graphene layers on the spectral responsivity and response speed of graphene/n-type Si (Gr/n-Si)-based Schottky barrier photodiodes is investigated. Gr/n-Si photodiode devices are fabricated by transferring chemical vapor deposition-grown graphene layers one by one on n-Si substrates, reaching up to three graphene layers. The devices show a clear rectifying Schottky character and have a maximum responsivity at a peak wavelength of 905 nm. Wavelength-resolved and time-dependent photocurrent measurements demonstrated that both spectral responsivity and response speed are enhanced as the number of graphene layers is increased from 1 to 3 on n-Si substrates. For example, the spectral responsivity and the response speed of the fabricated device were found to be improved by about 15% (e.g., from 0.65 to 0.75 AW-1) and 50% (e.g., 14 to 7 μs), respectively, when three graphene layers are used as the hole-collecting cathode electrode. The experimentally obtained results showed that the device parameters, such as spectral responsivity and response speed of Gr/n-Si Schottky barrier photodiodes, can be boosted simply by increasing the number of graphene layers on n-Si substrates. © 2022 Author(s).