Epistemology according to the Kalam of Ahl al Sunnah
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CitationTekin, S. (2020) Epistemology According to the Kalam of Ahl al Sunnah. S. Grima, E. Özen, H. Boz, E. Saçkes (Eds.), IV. International Applied Social Sciences Congress (C-IASOS20) Proceeding Book, 22nd-24th October 2020 “Applicable Knowledge for a Sustaniable Future” içinde (629-638 ss.). İzmir: İzmir Kavram Vocational School.
The method or procedure used in each field differs from the others in accordance with its internal structure. If I am not mistaken, the basic method of social sciences and humanities consists of thinking on and generating concepts. In order not to make mistakes by generalizing, I will try to approach the subject from the perspective of my field called "kalam" among the experts and known as belief and faith colloquially. In our field, the principles to be used in accessing knowledge are called method. In general, it is possible to talk about three methods in the field of thought or faith. Two of these methods have been used since ancient times. The third has been used from time to time or there have been few communities that use it. The first of these is the dogmatic or transfer method, which is as old as human history. According to this method, God or special persons authorized by God know everything best. These things are beyond others' intellect. Since they are not special enough to communicate with God, they must be subject to special ones. Besides, this is God's command. Disobedience means rebelling against God. As is well known, those who oppose God are punished by special persons chosen by God with the punishment they -Shahrastani, ts. 2/48).
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