Evaluation of antimicrobial activity and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus strains isolated from commercial yoghurt starter cultures
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CitationYERLIKAYA, Oktay, SAYGILI, Derya, & AKPINAR, Asli. (2021). Evaluation of antimicrobial activity and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus strains isolated from commercial yoghurt starter cultures. Food Science and Technology, 41(2), 418-425.
This research investigated the antimicrobial activity and antibiotic susceptibilities of nine Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus strains and nine Streptococcus thermophilus strains isolated from commercial yoghurt cultures. The antimicrobial activities of overnight culture strains against Bacillus cereus CECT 131, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11351, Candida albicans ATCC 14053, Enterobacter aerogenes ATCC 13048, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Listeria onocytogenes ATCC 7644, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027, Salmonella typhimurium ATCC 14028 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12600 were investigated using the disc diffusion method. The antibiotic resistance/susceptibility profiles of the strains were determined using antibiotic discs, which included ampicillin (10μg), ampicillin (25μg), bacitracin (10μg), clindamycin (2μg), clindamycin (10μg), erythromycin (10μg), erythromycin (15μg), gentamicin (10μg), gentamicin (120μg), nalidixic acid (30μ), neomycin (10μg), novobiocin (5μg), oxacillin (1μg), penicillin (10units), streptomycin (25μg), streptomycin (300μg), tetracycline (30μg) and vancomycin (30μg). The results of the study showed that while the Streptococcus thermophilus strain SY8, Lactobacillus bulgaricus strains LY6, LY8, LY9 and LY10 showed antimicrobial activity for all test microorganisms, Streptococcus thermophilus SY5 strains showed the weakest antimicrobial effect. All the Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus strains were resistant to oxacillin (1μg) and nalidixic acid (30μg). Indeed, the highest antibiotic susceptibility was seen with antibiotics such as ampicillin (25μg), clindamycin (10μg) and erythromycin (15μg).