A general framework for adaptation strategies to sea level rise: the case of Turkey
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Sea level rise is becoming a threat to the coastal areas, and a number of coastal cities will face the risk of sea level rise in the near future (2050-2100). However, adaptation strategies for coastal areas, especially of Turkey, are lacking. This study aims to construct a general framework for denoting impacts of sea level rise due to climate change in coastal cities and to propose adaptation strategies against these effects. It evaluates different aspects and scales, with focus on geographical/morphological, administrative and spatial/functional aspects and global, regional, national, urban and architectural scales. The discussion on the coastal areas is elaborated through the case of Turkey. Figured out by the related literature on coastal cities and elaborated through the case of Turkey, this comprehensive framework is intended to be used also for different coastal cities having a risk of sea level rise.